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Prostate Cancer

Prostate Cancer Staging

What are the stages of prostate cancer?

When prostate cancer spreads, it’s often found in nearby lymph nodes. If cancer has reached these nodes, it also may have spread to other lymph nodes, the bones, or other organs.

When cancer spreads from its original place to another part of the body, the new tumor has the same kind of abnormal cells and the same name as the primary tumor. For example, if prostate cancer spreads to bones, the cancer cells in the bones are actually prostate cancer cells. The disease is metastatic prostate cancer, not bone cancer. For that reason, it’s treated as prostate cancer, not bone cancer. Doctors call the new tumor “distant” or metastatic disease.

These are the stages of prostate cancer:

Stage I Prostate Cancer

The cancer can’t be felt during a digital rectal exam, and it can’t be seen on a sonogram. It’s found by chance when surgery is done for another reason, usually for BPH. The cancer is only in the prostate. The grade is G1, or the Gleason score is no higher than 4.
Prostate Cancer Stage 1

Stage II Prostate Cancer

The tumor is more advanced or has a higher grade than Stage I, but the tumor doesn’t extend beyond the prostate. It may be felt during a digital rectal exam, or it may be seen on a sonogram.
Prostate Cancer Stage 2A
Prostate Cancer Stage 2b
Prostate Cancer Stage 2c

Stage III Prostate Cancer

The tumor extends beyond the prostate. The tumor may have invaded the seminal vesicles, but cancer cells haven’t spread to the lymph nodes.
Prostate Cancer Stage 3a
Prostate Cancer Stage 3b
Prostate Cancer Stage 3c

Stage IV Prostate Cancer

The tumor may have invaded the bladder, rectum, or nearby structures (beyond the seminal vesicles). It may have spread to the lymph nodes, bones, or to other parts of the body.
Prostate Cancer Stage 4A

Prostate Cancer Care at Virginia Oncology Associates

If you or a loved one has received a prostate cancer diagnosis, our oncologists and radiation oncologists are ready to help guide you through your journey. Our cancer specialists work with you to create a personalized treatment plan based on your specific diagnosis. Discover a comprehensive and compassionate approach and advanced prostate cancer treatment options offered by our prostate cancer team at Virginia Oncology Associates in Virginia Beach, Norfolk, Hampton, Williamsburg, Chesapeake, Suffolk, Newport News, and Elizabeth City.